CORRECT ANSWER: B) Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency


COPD is generally due to smoking. However patients with this deficiency may have never smoked in their life. This is an inherited disorder. Individuals who have this deficiency don’t make enough protein called protease inhibitor. This protein actually helps to protect the lungs and the liver (Medline Plus). These individuals tend to develop emphysema before 40. It can lead to other disorders as well, such as: cirrhosis and hepatitis.

What the other choices are linked to:
-Cortisol deficiency-Addison’s
-Vitamin D deficiency-rickets
-B-12 deficiency-Anemia, neurological changes.


  1. Medline Plus


DISCLAIMER:Β The information posted is not intended to be medical advice. This is simply for educational purposesonly. This information is intended for medical professionals & students only. All patients should ALWAYS check with their primary care provider with any questions regarding their health. This is not intended to guide in medical decisions or treatment in any way. As always, medical professionals should call the on call provider if any clarifications are needed. State and hospital protocols should always be followed accordingly.Β Med Made Ez (MME) disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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